Diversity and ethnomedicinal uses of flowering plants 4 environment conservation journal table 1 list of flora s n o diversity and ethnomedicinal uses of flowering plants 6 environment conservation journal 23 cinnamomum tamala (buch-ham) india” bio-diversity and ecosystem approaches in. Plant diversity and angiosperms in india launch angiosperms or flowering plants (also known as angiospermae, magnoliophyta, or anthophyta) would be the many varied number of the place kingdom, containing around 2,50,000 variety in 350 households (kenrick, 1999. Angiosperm - structure and function: the wide diversity in the morphological features of the plant body has been discussed above this section will outline the underlying structural (anatomic) diversity among angiosperms there are three levels of integrated organization in the vegetative plant body: organ, tissue system, and tissue the organs of the plant—the roots, stems, and leaves—are.
Here we define a parasitic plant as an angiosperm (flowering plant) that directly attaches to another plant via a haustorium a haustorium is a specialized structure that forms a morphological and physiological link between the parasite and host ( figure 2 ) (kuijt 1969, yoshida et al 2016. It is also estimated that floristic richness is maximum in the north-eastern region, which holds about 50 percent of india's total species diversity, ie, more than 7,000 species, and is considered as the cradle of flowering plants. Angiosperm diversity in the island of rameshwaram coastal region, mannar biosphere reserve, south india v balakrishnan 1, v prabhu 1 and t sundari 2 table1various angiosperm plant species recorded at rameshwaram coastal island sno name of the plants family 1. According to nayar (1996) about 5725 species of flowering plants are broadly considered as endemics and represent 335% of the flora, of which, 3471 species are found in the himalayas, 2051 in the peninsular india and 239 in andaman & nicobar islands.
Biology plant biology plant diversity plant diversity - an assortment of awesomeness we group the seed plants into two major groups: gymnosperms and angiosperms the exciting aspect of these two groups is that the sporophyte is dominant and the gametophyte is so reduced that it is dependent upon the sporophyte for survival but keep in. The angiosperms forms the most dominant and conspicuous vegetation cover comprising of over 18,000 species which represents more than 114% of the world's known flowering plant species. Status of plant diversity in india ethnobotany invasive alien species type specimens at bsi angiosperms of india angiosperms / flowering plants the angiosperms, or flowering plants, are the largest, highly diversified, and most successful major group forming the dominant vegetation on the planet earth except in the boreal or snow. Endemic plant diversity in selected sacred groves of kasaragod district, kerala k subrahmanya prasad1and k raveendran1 1dept of botany, sir syed college, taliparamba – 670 142, kerala present inventory accounted for a total of 81 endemic angiosperms, of. Climbing plants diversity in the flora of namdhapa reserve forest, arunachal pradesh, india asutosh ghosh taxonomy and biosystematics lab, department of botany, university of calcutta, kolkata, wb, india they are represented by 48 species of angiosperms, 3 ferns (pteridophytes).
It has the richest reservoir of plant diversity in india and is one of the ‘biodiversity hotspots’ of the world supporting about 50% of india’s biodiversity 1 all types right from the grassland, meadows, marshes, swamps, scrub forests, mixed deciduous forests, humid evergreen forests, temperate and alpine vegetation are found here. Plant diversity page pd-1 diversity in the plant kingdom i introduction all modern terrestrial plants are the descendants of algae that adapted spanish moss is a flowering plant, irish moss is a marine red alga, reindeer moss is a lichen, and club mosses are a primitive vascular plant called a lycopod. The flora of india is one of the richest in the world due to the wide range of climate, topology and habitat in the country there are estimated to be over 18,000 species of flowering plants in india, which constitute some 6-7 percent of the total plant species in the world. Diversity of vascular plants was studied in the siju wildlife sanctuary of meghalaya, in northeast india a total of 257 species of angiosperms comprising 213 genera and 83 families were recorded from 520 sq.
Largest collection of flowering plants online in india our collection includes all types of orchids, anthuriums, adeniums, iroxa's, fragrant flowering plants, seasonal flowering plants and much more. The immense diversity which occur in flowering plant in india provides economic benefits as they are important sources of food, fodder, timber, medicine, fibers, spices, dyes and tannins, beverages, gums and resins, etc (singh et al, 2002. Central rii cellece i e ccess international journal of plant biology & research cite this article: takhelmayum pd, setti a, kalita mc, sarangthem id (2018) rhizobacterial diversity of umorok in juvenile, flowering, and fruiting stages. There are over 3, 00,000 angiosperm species growing on the earth which show enormous diversity in size and form in india there are about 45,000 plant species are known that represent about 7% of the world’s flora. In 1954 botanical survey of india revived the intensive study of local flora and gathered information on identity, diversity, distribution, ecological association, phenology, economic use including medicinal use of plants.
In india, medicinal plants are widely used by all sections of the population and it has been estimated that, in total over 7500 species of plants are used by several ethnic communities (aicep 1994 anthropological survey of india 1994. Beta diversity of angiosperms in the tropical forests of nilgiri biosphere reserve, india shmida index was used to assess the beta diversity of the angiosperms of the region results the beta diversity and richness of the plant communities based on this hypothesis, the. The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, angiospermae or magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c 295,383 known species.
We provide a check list of angiosperm climbing plant species, along with their climbing modes, enumerated from a total of one hundred and fifty grids in tropical forests of southern eastern ghats, peninsular india the eastern ghats constitute an important biodiversity area in india and have been. Under study has been studied extensively to find out the diversity of flowering plants in the area, local utilizations of the plants, their ecological status and associations, if any attempt has also been made to correlate the findings with the earlier works carried out. Aquatic and insectivorous plants, list of extinct angiosperms, endemism in regard to states and union territories, and the names of 25 hot spots are provided key words: india, angiosperm.